Drug Offers Hope in Diabetes Study

...Researchers said a cheap generic drug used as a vaccine against tuberculosis showed promise in a small human study as a potential therapy for Type 1 diabetes, one of medicine's most-difficult-to-treat diseases.

The drug, called BCG, for bacillus-Calmette-Guerin, appeared to halt the process that causes the disease, in which the immune system mounts an attack on the pancreas, destroying its ability to produce insulin required to regulate blood sugar.

In addition, in four of the six treated patients, who had been living with the disease for an average of 15 years, the treatment enabled the pancreas to temporarily begin producing...